Drinking infected water or even just using it to wash foods, kitchen utensils or culinary items can lead to transmission of the infection. The infection rate is highest in the areas of poor sanitation and hygiene and where potable water is not available. The cornerstone of treatment is timely and adequate rehydration. Pdf transmission of infectious vibrio cholerae through. Cholera is an acute, diarrhoeal illness caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae. Vibrio cholerae, the bacterium that causes cholera, is usually found in food or water contaminated by feces from a person with the infection. Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae, which affects the transport of. Treatment is straight forward basically rehydration, and if applied. A mathematical model for the dynamics of cholera with control measures. Pdf vibrio cholerae is widely known to be the etiological agent of the life threatening diarrheal. Cholera is caused by strains of the bacteria vibrio cholerae. The susceptible host has multiple portals of entry such as the mouth or a syringe. Uncontrolled water sources such as wells, lakes, ponds, streams and rivers pose a great threat.
There are more than 100 species of vibrio cholerae, only a few of which are known. The bacteria causing cholera is present in stool or other effluent that may seep into and contaminate waterways, soil or sources of drinking water. Cholera disease causes a lot of watery diarrhea and vomiting. Humans and water are the two main reservoirs of infections for cholera. Transmission of infectious vibrio cholerae through drinking water among the household contacts of cholera patients chobi7 trial. A research has shown that the transmission of cholera in developed countries is mostly through food, and in developing countries it is more of water. This is because a considerable number of the overall population in developing countries still lack access to a clean and healthy source of water, unlike. Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated.
Pdf a mathematical model for the dynamics of cholera. Cholera is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called vibrio cholerae. The affections they induce are amongst the most chronic, whilst cholera is one of the most acute. This deadly disease has a faecaloral transmission route. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Ingestion of contaminated food and drinks have been associated with outbreaks of cholera. Transmission of infectious vibrio cholerae through drinking water among the household contacts of cholera patients chobi7 trial article pdf available in frontiers in microbiology 71120. The mode of transmission can include direct contact, droplets, a vector such as a mosquito, a vehicle such as food, or the airborne route. The bacteria typically live in waters that are somewhat salty and. Washing hands with soap and water is the basis of health. The infection is transmitted to humans by ingestion of contaminated food and water. Use one of the locally available water treatment products, or if not available, add 2 drops of household bleach for every 1 litre of water and wait 30 minutes.411 216 15 53 775 41 1284 785 568 1143 378 833 254 938 783 864 1331 1505 165 457 1350 689 1423 1038 798 984 1049 889 1339 1318 135 751 1398 1183 691 245 488 118 871