The founder of the dynasty, chandragupta maurya sandrocoptossandrocottas in greek texts, established the dynasty in the last quarter of. Maurya empire maurya dynasty, kingdom of mauryas, history. Founded by chandragupta maurya, the mauryan empire was an important dynasty in our history. The seleucid empire tried and failed to reconquer the northwestern part of the maurya empire during the seleucidmauryan war, from 305303 bce. Comprising the majority of south asia, the maurya empire was centralized by the conquest of the indogangetic plain, and its capital city was located at pataliputra modern patna. The maurya dynasty also saw the rise and fall of many different empires in the south of india. As we know most highly target competitive exams are going to be held in couple of months. Chandragupta 320300 bc was the builder of the first indian imperial power, the mauryan empire.
Maurya dynasty indian ancient history articles factory. By 316 bc, the maurya empire fully occupied northwestern parts of india, defeating and conquering the governors left by alexander the great. This therefore logically founder of the dynasty, chandragupta maurya implies that the expansion of the maurya power sandrocoptossandrocottas in greek. Heres the rock itself, in an old photo, taken in 1869. From its capital at pataliputra in the ganges valley it grew wealthy from taxes. Before the mauryans, there had been hundreds of private kingdoms and armies, but the central government formed by chandragupta maurya provided a stable, unified nation. The maurya empire boundless world history lumen learning. This particular indian empire is considered one of the greatest in all of the history of india and many contemporary people within indias. The maurya empire started to disintegrate towards late 2nd century. Mauryan empire ancient indian history ncert notes for upsc. There was constant struggle for power and control of the deccan region and central india among various small rulers. The emblem adopted by the indian government which was symbol.
Arihant samanya gyan pdf by manohar pandey download. Which of the following was adopted from the maurya dynasty in. The mauryan dynasty was founded by chandragupta maurya in 320 bc after defeating the incumbent nanda dynasty. Afterwards, complete the document based questions below. Jun 22, 2009 the maurya empire was founded by chandragupta maurya about. Use pdf export for high quality prints and svg export for large sharp images or embed your diagrams anywhere with the creately viewer. He was born in a humble family, was picked up, taught and counselled by chanakya a hindu brahmin also known as kautilya and the author of the arthashastra. Under the mauryan dynasty, trade flourished because of uniform weights and measures.
The mauryan empire was an efficient and highly organized autocracy with a standing army and civil service. Maurya and gupta empires editable venn diagram template on. Maurya dynasty map showing their capital, boundaries and cities where they ruled. The maurya empire was a geographically extensive iron age historical power based in. Chandragupta maurya established the maurya empire by overthrowing the nanda dynasty and expanded the empire with the help of chanakya. These notes will also be useful for other competitive exams like banking po, ssc, state civil services exams and so on. Maurya dynasty gk questions pdf download gk classes. Quick samanya gyan with current affairs pdf download. The origins of the mauryan dynasty are somewhat mysterious, leading scholars to suggest that the dynastic founder was likely of a nonroyal background. That bureaucracy and its operation were the model for the arthashastra the science of material gain, a work of political economy similar in tone and scope to niccolo machiavellis the prince in the wake of the death of alexander the great in 323 bce, chandragupta or.
After ashokas death, the empire broke up, and the last emperor was assassinated in c. The puranas also credit maurya, the founder of the maurya dynasty, mahapadma nanda with the victory over overthrew the last nanda king in c. Mar 25, 2020 mauryan empire, in ancient india, a state centered at pataliputra later patna near the junction of the son and ganges rivers. S tav hanas started out as feudatories to the mauryan dynasty, but declared independence with its decline. Jun 6, 2016 the maurya empire, also known as the mauryan empire, was a geographically extensive iron age historical power in ancient india, ruled by the maurya dynasty from 322185 bce. Maurya dynasty was the spreading of the buddhist religion by means of missionary activity. The five permanent members of the security council are the only countries recognised as nuclearweapon states under the nuclear nonproliferation treaty. Feb 19, 2014 mauryan empire the maurya empire 322185 bce, ruled by the mauryan dynasty, was one of the largest and most powerful political and military empire of ancient india. He established buddhism as the official religion and sent out missions to other lands, making buddhism a world religion. Pdf candragupta maurya and his importance for indian history. Megasthenes also gives some information in his book indika. The persona and role of chanakya, who was a brahmin, was grossly exaggerated so much so that chanakya was given all the credit for the establishment of the maurya. Mauryan empire was sinewy empire in ancient india from 321 to 185 bc.
Get ncert ancient indian history notes for mauryan empire for upsc 2020. Creately diagrams can be exported and added to word, ppt powerpoint, excel, visio or any other document. The mauryan empire had an efficient and centralised administrative system. Here we compiled the list of most important questions which are based on maurya dynasty. Some of major accomplished they had, in comparison to its previous dynasty they overthrew. Dec 28, 2012 the maurya empire was founded in 322 b.
Ashoka and the mauryan empire asia education foundation. According to several legends, chanakya travelled to magadha, a kingdom that was large and militarily powerful and feared by its neighbours, but was insulted by its king dhana nanda, of the nanda dynasty. Chandragupta maurya is a kshatriya, second on the indian social pyramid. From 321185 bc, the mauryas built an incredible empire. Alexander the great and the rise of the maurya empire founder of the maurya empire, the first multiethnic empire in indian history, which united almost the whole of the subcontinent in the fourth and third centuries bc. Generally, there is one or two questions are asked from this topic.
As part of the peace offering, the maurya empire gained five territories in exchange for 500 war elephants. The maurya empire was a geographically extensive iron age historical power based in magadha and founded by chandragupta maurya which dominated the indian subcontinent between 322 and 185 bce. Mauryan empire in india history study materials exams daily. What is the relationship between the gupta dynasty and the. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. D, asm, tte, food sub inspector, wb police, gram panchayat, postal assistant. Chandragupta maurya 340 bc 298 bc was the founder of the mauryan empire and the first emperor to unify india into one state. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Mar 24, 2016 chandragupta maurya was the founder of the maurya dynasty. Ancient indian dynasty and state founded by chandragupta r.
The first state to unify most of the indian subcontinent. There are several reasons of declining of the mauryan dynasty. Maurya dynasty and the question of caste identity forward press. Chandragupta maurya established the dynasty in the last quarter of the 4th century bce circa 324321 bce after alexander the great had left punjab and the northwestern parts of the continent.
Chandragupta maurya was the illegitimate son of the last nanda king sarvartha siddhi. Use your notebook to create a chart about the maurya empire. The maurya empire was founded by chandragupta maurya, with help from chanakya, at taxila, a noted center of learning. He established the first territorial empire in ancient india, covering most of the indian subcontinent. This political and military unity used regional governors to control justice and. The maurya empire was a geographically extensive iron age historical power in ancient india, ruled by the maurya dynasty from 322185 bce. He ruled from 322 bc until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favour of his son bindusara in 298 bc. The chief source of information regarding administration under the mauryan empire is chanakyas work, arthashastra. As a great ruler, he developed good relations with the local authorities while establishing his garrisons. Characterization of maurya in riders to the sea maurya is the principal character in synges play, riders to the sea.
Pdf on jan 1, 2011, johannes bronkhorst and others published candragupta maurya and his importance for indian history find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. This article will provide ncert notes on mauryan empire for the ias exam. Maurya dynasty of india amazing bible timeline with world. He was actually the son of a emperor of the nanda dynasty, but his father is unknown. He united most of the indian subcontinent for the first time.
The epigraphical sources, literary sources, foreign accounts, and other materials obtained from the archaeological excavations describe the greatness of the mauryan rulers and vast extensions of their empire. In her life, miseries had piled up one over the other. One of indias greatest emperors, ashoka reigned over most of presentday india after a number of military conquests. Download mauryan empire in india study materials pdf. Chandragupta maurya was the founder of the mauryan empire. Chandragupta maurya retired voluntary and endorsed the great maurya kingdom to his son bimbisara in 297 bce. The emblem adopted by the indian government which was symbol of the maurya dynasty, is. We are touched by her troubles because we feel that she is a living person. Maurya empire simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ashoka ashoka maurya 304232 bce commonly known as ashoka and also as ashoka the great, was an indian emperor of the maurya dynasty who ruled almost all of the indian subcontinent from the year 269 b. It was founded by chandragupta maurya, who introduced a centralized government and uniform script, and developed a highway network which led to mauryan control of most of the indian subcontinent.
Several greeks remained at the mauryan court as ambassadors to the hellenistic world. Immediately after the death of asoka, the mauryan dynasty was partitioned into two parts viz. He was the first emperor who unifies india into one state and ruled from 320bce to 297bce. Indian dynasty in the fourththird centuries bce, which. Learn more about the mauryan empire in this article.
The mauryan dynasty brought power to india as chandragupta maurya, the founder of the mauryan dynasty, had been the first emperor to bring all the states of india together as one. He was assisted by his political adviser, kautalya, who also set out the rules for the administration of the country. It was succeeded by the shunga dynasty, which ruled in central india for approximately a century. Gupta empire the empire covering much of northern india that was ruled by the guptas from about 320 c. The mauryan empire then defeated seleucus i, a diadochus and founder of the seleucid empire, during the. Much of its early history was taken up by conquest. Which of the following was adopted from the maurya dynasty. You can only just see the inscription, and part of the rock has been blasted away to be. In327 bc alexander of macedonia conquered a large part of the northwest india.
Originating from the kingdom of magadha in the indogangetic plain modern bihar, eastern uttar pradesh in the eastern side of the indian subcontinent, the empire had its capital city at pataliputra modern patna. Dec 02, 2015 that is why, when the rulers of the maurya dynasty began patronizing antibrahmin communities like buddhists, jains and ajivaks, the mauryas were branded as lowly and wretched. Soon after, however, chandragupta maurya, the founder of the maurya empire, successfully seized control of magadha. The maurya empire at its largest extent under ashoka the great. The maurya empire was founded by chandragupta maurya in 322 bce.467 302 19 932 1363 928 1358 821 133 541 961 409 1542 585 1301 1147 620 1207 80 70 40 1165 804 663 183 476 779 455 1028 158 853 1413 955 320